How Working Memory Capacity And Different Processing Strategies Enhance With Memory Performance

2433 Words Nov 30th, 2016 10 Pages
There has been different research that proposed to explain how working memory capacity and different processing strategies enhance or interfere with memory performance. Although the literature cover different research, this review will focus in encoding and retrieval process of information, and the importance of working memory capacity. There is an important relation between individual differences in Working Memory Capacity (WMC) and retrieving information from long-term memory (LTM). In this literature review research suggested that encoding and retrieval of information depends heavily on the type of strategy being use by individuals. There are different types of processing strategies. However, this paper will exclusively focus on shallow processing and deep levels of processing.
The short- term memory (STM) and (LTM) represent two distinct memory systems. They differ in many ways, such as its capacity in the amount of information stored and the types of processes that support performance. The STM was assumed to be only for a temporary storage of information. Baddeley in 1974 developed the concept of the WM to explain the performance on a task that requires more engagement of processing information as well as to a temporary storage. There are different distinctions between STM and LTM. One of the distinction includes the recency effect in verbal recall. The recency effect reflects retrieval from both the primary memory (PM) and the secondary memory (SM). The PM is limited…

Related Documents