How Truman Changed The Foreign Policy Decision Making Process

2105 Words Apr 24th, 2015 null Page
'By 1950, the Truman administration had set in place the essential principles that were to govern American foreign policy for the next four decades. ' Discuss.

This essay will deal with U.S President Harry S. Truman, 1945-53. I will be dealing with how Truman changed the foreign policy decision making process and its significance for the preceding four decades. Most importantly the foreign policy which was enacted whilst in his time in office and how it changed U.S. Foreign Policy precedent, leaving a legacy spanning four decades in U.S. Foreign Policy.

Prior to the twentieth century the U.S. had the policy of isolationism, attempts by Woodrow Wilson after the First World War to establish collective security and international relations. He sought to transform America’s world role however his proposals were rejected and America retreated to her hemisphere shell. A policy that had been followed by the U.S. throughout the 19th century, its abandonment was a monumental step towards how American foreign policy would be made for the next four decades, the U.S. would no longer revert and hide from the world arena. When world war two erupted and an attack from Japan on Pearl Harbor in December 1941 occurred America was thrust into the war. The war which ‘would determine the balance of power for the rest of the twentieth century’. The tradition of retreatment to isolation in peacetime politics was no longer a possibility.

At the end of the Second World War, it was not…

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