How Far Was the Outbreak of Civil War in 1455 the Result of Henry’s Inadequacies?

1031 Words Aug 7th, 2013 5 Pages
How far was the outbreak of Civil War in 1455 the result of Henry’s inadequacies?

The War of the Roses was a crucial and significant period in the England’s history playing an important role in it. There were many factors which can be seen as the causes of the war. However, it is vital to clarify to what extent its outbreak was caused by Henry’s inadequacies.

The powerlessness of Henry VI is a central factor of the outbreak of the war. He was known to be too soft and malleable to the wishes of his surrounding that had influence and control of him. Henry was considered to be a person who was very uninterested in the politics of the country. He also felt the lack of cleverness and strong features of character that were fundamental
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Consequently, the loss of Normandy ended the opportunity of making a fortune in war and unquestionably led to dislike. This failure led to the Rebellion of Jack Cade that was well-supported and happened in May, in the south-east. The aim of the uprising was to show the resentment about the political regime, in particular the ministers in whom Henry continued to trust.

One of the reasons why England lost its territories in France refers to Henry’s weakness as well: the king was not in a position to raise adequate finances to maintain a prosperous protection of his territories in France. Royal finances were in disorder and the crown was practically bankrupt because Henry satisfied a large burden of demands of his nobility. Lacking wealth, the financial system struggled to raise new borrowings, and charged with mounting sum unpaid. Such a dramatic mounting of the king’s debts was caused by his extreme generosity, rather than by the French campaign.
In 1433 debts estimated £164.000 and they stood at £372.000 in 1450 when the regular annual income of the crown was less than £33.000. The fall down of the finances also created arguments, mistrust and division and encouraged the outbreak of the resentment, as it spurred rivalry for resources among the noblemen. What is beyond dispute is that Henry’s inadequacies are also highlighted in relation to the fact he had favourites, people who were unaffected by the reduction in

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