How Does Tourism Affect Climate Change

1590 Words 7 Pages
Water Services
Water services and infrastructure will be affected by climate change in multiple ways. Increased rainfall and dry periods will lead to increased flooding and droughts. Heavier rainfall events may overload the capacity of sewer systems, water and wastewater treatment plants more often. In drier times, low flows may lead to higher pollution concentrations. There are implications for inland shipping due to rising water levels. The overall impact on inland navigation is negative, but region specific. For example, transport stoppages on the Rhine caused by increased annual flooding could have a substantial economic impact. [1] Climate change is expected to worsen many forms of water pollution, including the load of sediments, nutrients,
…show more content…
Destinations for holidays are usually based around expected weather. The tourism industry will be affected by changes in regional weather patterns. In 2011 recreation and tourism accounted for 9% of global spending and employed 260 million people [3]. According to studies colder climates will benefit from rising temperatures and hotter climates will lose. [4] [5] [6] This will have a two-fold effect as the richer (colder countries) will see a rise in the tourism sector while the poorer(hotter countries) will see a fall. The economic impacts on the tourism sector are reinforced by the economic impacts on the coastal zone; the welfare losses due to the impact of climate change on tourism are larger than the welfare losses due to sea level …show more content…
Flooding arises when low-lying lands become awash in water from overflowed riverbanks, surges in from the sea or persistent precipitation [5]. The arguably most obvious immediate response would be to alter the surrounding landscape to reduce the potential for damaging floods. Actions such as the construction of dikes or levees to act as barriers against rising sea levels or rivers have been considered in some countries around Europe. From a cost-analysis point of view, a primary factor regarding the construction of levees or dikes is the length of the exposed waterfront relative to the land area that is in danger of flooding and the height of the embankment relates to a greater degree of protection. For example, in the Netherlands, legislation passed that dikes are to be built against flooding that is expected to occur on average once every 1250

Related Documents