House And Middens Case Study
What are the Issues and the Claims?
Questions the Research was Designed to Address:
1. Why had some houses, such as House 10 and 14, extended double their length at one time?
2. Why had a neighboring house located in one part of the village been dismantled before the abandonment of the village and never rebuilt?
3. What are the political and economic changes that took place at the Benson site?
4. The relationship between houses, between features within houses and between houses and middens.
Answers the Research Produced:
¬ the evidence of hearths, pits and interior posts within the extensions suggests …show more content…
Lawrence Iroquoian pottery and pipes, therefore, suggesting that House 10 expanded in order to accommodate St. Lawrence Iroquoian refugees as they brought with them European trade material (Ramsden 2009:306).
¬ House 10 expanded in order to adopt St. Lawrence Iroquoian families therefore House 10 became a special household in the Benson community (Ramsden 2009:311)
¬ House 10 was a ‘progressive’ household as these individuals were engaged in trapping beaver for trade, raising domestic dogs for food rather than hurting wild animals and having economic links to Europeans in the St. Lawrence valley (Ramsden 2009:311-312).
¬ Chipped lithic items are considered to be a traditional activity, House 10 and other households adjacent to it have low-frequencies of these items suggesting that these houses are non-traditional (Ramsden 2009:313).
¬ House 14 is considered a ‘traditionalistic’ household as there is an expected pattern of faunal frequencies, there is no evidence of beaver trapping and contains the highest number of chipped lithic (Ramsden 2009:313).
¬ House 14 expanded and accommodated those individuals that were against the ‘progressive’ House 10 and its economic, social and political relationship with the St. Lawrence Iroquoian individuals (Ramsden …show more content…
The questions Ramsden (2009) discusses depends on the interrelationship between the archaeological record and the past contexts (Gibbon 2014). He uses the evidence from the archaeological record in order to understand the past house histories and the changes that occurred in the community. Ramsden (2009) utilized a house structures, features, faunal remains and other artifacts in order to understand the past. Additionally, his questions require him to look towards the archaeological record in order to interpret the past. Ramsden (2009) brought the past to life through the archaeological record.
Opinions in Place of Conclusions: There are not a lot of opinions that are in place of conclusions in Ramsden’s (2009) article. I believe this article has a lot of support for the conclusions that are made, although, there are a few opinions as mentioned below.
The following are opinions that are evident in Ramsden (2009) article:
¬ Households near House 10 were dismantled in order for its inhabitants to move into House 10 to show solidarity with its economic and political positioning (Ramsden