Hiv / Aids Throughout Older Adults Essays
HIV is the abbreviation for Human immunodeficiency virus. HIV is an enveloped retrovirus which interferes with your body 's ability to fight the organisms by damaging your immune system. HIV is a sexually transmitted infection. It can also be spread by contact with infected blood, from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth, breast-feeding and so on. HIV affects the immune system, especially CD4 cells, or T cells. Over time, HIV destroys immune system; the body can’t fight off infections and disease (HIV/AIDS 101, 2015).
AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection, but everyone who has HIV does not advance to this stage. AIDS is the stage of infection that occurs when the immune system is badly damaged and the individual becomes vulnerable to opportunistic infections. When the number of your CD4 cells falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood (200 cells/ mm3), one is considered to have progressed to AIDS (HIV/AIDS 101, 2015). If one develops one or more opportunistic infections he or she is considered to have AIDS, regardless of your CD4 count.
HIV was once considered a disease associated with young persons, now days it is increasingly recognized as one that impacts people of all ages, including older adults. In most gerontology research, older adults are defined as an individual over the age of 65, but in HIV research, older adults are defined as being aged 50 and older. This…