Hiv Aids Epidemic : Uganda And Cote D ' Ivoire Essay

1901 Words Dec 8th, 2014 8 Pages
In the following essay I will compare and contrast two of the low-income sub-Saharan African cases that have been most impacted by the AIDS epidemic, Uganda and Côte d’Ivoire, in illustrating how socio-economical, political, and cultural challenges affect the countries’ capability of controlling the spread of HIV/AIDs. It is important to examine the spread of HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa, as it is the region most affected, accounting for 69% of all people living with HIV in Africa (UNAIDS, 2012). As of 2011 there were 23.5 million people living with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa compared to 300,000 in the Middle East and North Africa combined (UNAIDS, 2012). The HIV death toll in Sub-Saharan Africa has caused serious economic contractions, threatened structural transformation in African economies, institutions, and governance (de Waal, 2003). The Government of Uganda has acknowledged the presence of HIV/AIDS since the first cases were diagnosed in the mid-1980s (Isaksen et al., 2002). Uganda entered into the HIV/Aids crisis early peaking in 1992 with an HIV rate between 30 – 37 percent, as a result of intense intervention, the rate declined to plateau at 13 % by 1999 (Isaksen et al., 2002). In 1999 the population was 21.1 million with an estimated 820,000 people living with HIV (8.3% of the population), of that population 420,000 were women (Isaksen et al., 2002). Côte d’Ivoire, on the other hand, has the highest prevalence rate in western Sub-Saharan Africa at 5.2% since…

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