History Essay

3987 Words Nov 21st, 2013 16 Pages
Coming of the 3rd phase: Archaic period
Archaic Greece (750-500)
Re-urbanization happens at the beginning of the archaic period 1. Colonization a. Colonists were selected by lot. b. Metropolis (mater polis) i. Political alliance ii. Economic ties c. Ionia (coast of Asia Minor) d. Sicily iii. Both are major centers of colonization (magna graecia)
Trade and commerce would produce tremendous wealth.
Phoenicians
They see themselves as monopolizing. Rivalry between Phoenicians and these new Greeks. 2. Alphabetic Writing
Writing will return to the Greek world during this period. When it does it won’t be like Linear A or B. It will be based on an alphabet that the
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Within these cities are wealthy merchants. Earned monetary wealth. Measured in terms of money not land. Emerging commercial elites.
Change in Greek armies. Citizen armies. Warfare was a responsibility. Hoplites (citizen soldiers) – regular people. (farmers, artisans, merchants.) Expected to serve in cities militia. Leave everything behind to go to war. They have to maintain their own weapons and armor. Great honor but then again, dangerous and burdensome risk. Willing but they want a voice or more say from government. Civil Wars/ Age of Tyrants (700/650-600/550) * Enter into intense civil struggles. They set the stage for the rise of tyrants. * Tyrants refers to tyrannos. Means absolute ruler takes power illegally. Not necessarily bad. Wise. Benevolent.
Cypselus of Corinth (657-627) Good Tyrant.
Phalaris of Akragas (570-554) Bad Tyrant – problem is they are absolute. Function outside of traditional government. Only way to get rid of them is to overthrow them.
Tyrants become important when they are expelled, the people are left with/ first thing they are going to do is kill them/ get rid of them. Take the land and parcel it out to supporters to ensure loyalty. Completely destroy the entire economic basis. People of city are left with a blank slate, they can do whatever political system they want.
OCT 3rd

New Constitutions (550-500)
600-700 poleis

Each

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