History of Great Britain from 1950-Today Essay
The first two years of the 1950’s were very eventful for Great Britain. After leading the British people through a devastating war Winston Churchill was reelected Prime Minister (he would serve for another five years) and the much loved King George VI would die in 1952. As the second son of George V, Prince Albert (as George VI was known then) had not expected to be King. It was his older brother Edward VIII who was in line to become the next king, but he abdicated in order to marry Wallis Simpson a divorced American woman. When King George died on February 6th, 1952 his daughter Elizabeth became Queen and still reigns today after fifty years. In 1951 the Government organized a Festival of …show more content…
India’s independence in 1947 became the turning point for the British Empire; there were still many colonies, especially in Africa, waiting to gain independence. In 1965 Ian Smith led the Rhodesian parliament in a declaration of independence from Britain, by then little was left of the former colonies. British rule continued in Hong Kong, the Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, the British Honduras, and a few other scattered areas, but the notion of Britain as an imperial presence was long gone.
“The Troubles”, a term used to describe the conflicts in Northern Ireland between the Protestants and Roman Catholics, a conflict that has been going on for years. The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) was founded in 1967; it called for equal opportunities for Catholics in education, housing, employment and electoral representation. Marches by the NICRA in 1968 led to clashes with Protestant mobs, resulting in riots. In 1969 the British Army was called in to bring order to the situation and they soon came under attack by the Irish Republican Army (IRA). The situation did not get any better and on January 30, 1972 thirteen