Compare the political leaders profiled in Susan Lawrence’s article “The New Guard: Five Younger Officials Make Their Way to the Top”. According to Lawrence (1998), the future of China will largely depend on its top leaders. Their priorities, reputations, and ability to get local officials and society at large to support their policies will shape the course of future events. At the vanguard of the group of up-and coming leaders is Hu Jintao, who joined the Communist Party’s most senior body, the seven-man politburo Standing Committee, at the age of 49 in 1992.
These new leaders are united in their commitment to ensuring the primacy of the Communist Party and to implementing market-oriented economic reform. Trained as engineers
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He announced plans on infrastructure projects that include a subway extension, bringing natural gas into Beijing pipeline from China’s northwest, and expanding the city’s airport. What are the prospects for democratization in China? Evaluate Wei Jingsheng’s call for democracy, as articulated in his article “The Fifth Modernization”, in terms of those prospects. The first set of prospects for democratization in China consist of the early Confucian society in which not only intellectuals were to achieve the “mandate of heaven,” but anyone who had the means of learning had an opportunity to progress in society. There were no assumptions that peasants, illiterate people, or other large groups were inherently inferior or that they could not be brought to an awareness of moral and political propriety. The formation of trade unions, privately owned mass media, political parties, local assemblies, literary clubs, and other developments after the late 1930s suggested that China was able to form a “civil society.”
A second set of potentially positive forces concerns China’s population composition. The size of China’s population may be considered an obstacle to democratization, but certain other aspects of that population work in the other direction. The first aspect is China’s substantial ethnic homogeneity. Ethnic differences and nationalist sentiments make it difficult to develop shared power