Essay about his112 r3 Ancient Civilizations and the Greek World Matrix

1463 Words Jun 7th, 2015 6 Pages
University of Phoenix Material

Ancient Civilizations and the Greek World Matrix

Complete the matrix by entering cultural, political, and economic developments that had lasting effects or that are significant of each civilization. The table includes one example.

Civilization
Cultural Developments
Political Developments
Economic Developments
Mesopotamian
Developed the beginnings of astronomy and mathematics
Believed in many gods not just one.
Emergence of Kings, exercised distinct political rather than religious authority. Also warring Sumerian city-states, which fought for control of the river valleys in the lower Mesopotamia.
Commerce and trade had been established because farmers had learned how to irrigate their land. They could grow
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Its well-organized bureaucracy and the pharaohs' high-ranking position meant that rulers had great power over the entire country. But the ancient Mesopotamia, were more religious based, each city had its own government and they incorporated the same structures of we call democracy. They had kings and elected others who could hold power over the kings. They also both were dependent on agriculture and both were located in fertile regions near major waterways. Mesopotamia was not as well protected geographically as Egypt and was as a consequence more open to attack. The geography of these two civilizations was a central factor in not only their basic survival and success, but also in the way they envisioned the world and the nature of the universe.
In what ways did geography contribute to the fundamental differences between the Mycenaean and Minoan civilizations?
Greece was a hilly and mountainous land, breaking it up into literally hundreds of self-governing city-states. These city-states had spent much of their time fighting one another rather than tying in a common cause. Greece was also by the sea with many natural harbors. This and the fact that it had poor soil and few natural resources forced the Greeks to be traders and sailors, following in the footsteps of the Phoenicians and eventually exceeding them. The first Greek civilization was the Minoans on the island of Crete just south of Greece, with little to no protection.
The Mycenaean

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