Hepatitis C Essay

1619 Words 7 Pages
Everyday people contract this harmful virus known as, Hepatitis. Hepatitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the liver. There are five types of hepatitis; A, B, C, D, and E. Types B and C lead to chronic disease in hundreds of millions of people and, together, are the most common cause of liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. Hepatitis A and E are typically caused by ingestion of contaminated food or water. Hepatitis B, C, and D usually occur as a result of parenteral contact with infected body fluids.
The first type of Hepatitis is Hepatitis A (HAV). This version is transmitted through ingestion of contaminated food and water or through direct contact with an infectious person. Almost every person recovers fully from hepatitis A with
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this version is a blood borne virus. Which means that it passed on blood to blood. The most common way to contract Hepatitis C is through sharing needles, but, you could also contact by inadequate sterilization of medical equipment, and he transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products. “Globally, between 130-150 million have chronic Hepatitis C infection” (Hepatitis C, 2016). A significant number of those who are chronically infected will develop liver cirrhosis or liver cancer. The diagnosis for HCV is if the antibody test if reactive, an additional blood test is needed to determine if a person is currently infected with Hepatitis C. If the RNA test comes back positive then they do have the virus. There is no vaccine for hepatitis C but some things you can do to prevent getting this virus is practice healthy hygiene; including surgical hand preparation, hand washing and the use of gloves. Other ways is to be safe handling and disposing of sharps and waste, provision of comprehensive harm-reduction services to people who inject drugs including sterile injecting equipment, and testing of donated blood for hepatitis B and C. Treatment for hepatitis C is therapy with DAAs which can cure most persons with HCV infection and treatment is shorter (usually 12 weeks) and …show more content…
The majority of psychological effect occur when the patient has hepatitis C, since this infection is the most dangerous. The most common psychological effect is depression. They will develop depression due to the lack of knowledge about their condition and the truth that their health is at risk. Anxiety and mood changes are also a common psychological effects. The patient could be anxious about what their future holds, whether it’s cancer, liver disease, or short/long term treatment. The mood changes could be from treatment. Sleep problems also occur due to psychiatric problems, substance abuse illness, or advanced liver disease. Lastly, someone with hepatitis can suffer from substance abuse and mental illness. One of the routes of transmission of hepatitis is through needles, therefore, people who suffer from substance abuse still suffer even when they have the virus in them and substance abuse is a form of mental

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