Health and Illness Essay
The World Health Organisation (WHO) definition of health (1947), states that “Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”. This is a positive definition which defines health as being fit and able to undertake reasonable task.
The criticisms are that the definition deals with “a state rather than a process” and puts no boundaries …show more content…
Eisenberg (1977) recommend that we should make a division between illness and disease. He believes that illness is when the individual suffers from ill health and disease is clinical conditions defined by medical professions. (Eisenberg 1977, p. 18)
Blaxter (1990) suggests that it is possible for “a person to be suffering from some form of illness without a disease or suffer from a disease without an illness”.
According to the biomedical model disease is seen has a way to take people from their normal everyday functioning in society. It also believes that biological processes are enough to explain diseases. The medical model of health tries to treat people through the use of medicine and science, and it does not take into account the social and emotional factors, such as, how the injury, illness, or disease was caused or brought about. It looks at