Essay about Head And Neck Cancer ( Hnc )

1585 Words 7 Pages
Head and neck cancer (HNC) is the sixth most common cancer (Duvvuri & Myers, 2009) and the eighth most common cause of cancer death worldwide (Santarelli, Lo Russo, Bambini, Campisi, & Lo Muzio, 2009). The umbrella term HNC includes a heterogeneous group of lesions at several sites including the oral cavity, paranasal sinuses, nasal cavity, larynx, pharynx and salivary glands (World Health Organization, 2005). Surgery and radiotherapy (XRT) are the main treatment approaches for HNC, with good clinical outcomes expected depending on a range of patient factors, site/location of tumor, clinical stage and resectability of the tumor (Argiris, Karamouzis, & Raben, 2008; Platteaux, Dirix, Hermans, & Nuyts, 2010). However, despite improving survival rates (Al-Mamgani, van Rooij, Sewnaik, Tans, & Hardillo, 2012a; Al-Mamgani, van Rooij, Verduijn, Meeuwis, & Levendag, 2012b; Argiris et al., 2008; Garden et al., 1997; North, Lee, Piantadosi, Zahurak, & Johns, 1990), many patients with HNC are left with significant negative consequences from the treatment (Beetz et al., 2014; Hontanilla, Qiu, & Marré, 2014).

In particular, many patients with HNC experience some degree of dysphagia (swallowing impairment) due to the disease or as a consequence of treatment-related toxicities (Manikantan et al., 2009). Speech-language pathologists (SLP), as part of a multidisciplinary team, play an important role in managing dysphagia and swallowing related toxicities experienced by patients undergoing…

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