Hashimoto's Vs. Graves Disease Essay

760 Words Oct 19th, 2014 4 Pages
Hashimoto’s Disease vs. Graves Disease
Anna Grochowski
Salter College
Anatomy and Physiology II
September 18, 2013
Dr. P. Wong

Hashimoto's disease can also be called chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis or autoimmune thyroiditis. An autoimmune disease happens when the body's immune system attacks it's own cells and organs instead of its normal job of protecting the body from infection. Hashimoto's disease specifically attacks the thyroid gland, causing inflammation interfering with the ability to produce thyroid hormones. (http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hashimotos-disease/basics/definition/con-20030293) A large number of white blood cells also accumulate in the thyroid. These white
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Increased cases of thyroid disease have been reported in people exposed to radiation, including the atomic bombs in Japan, the Chernobyl nuclear accident, and radiation treatment for a form of blood cancer called Hodgkin's disease. (http://www.webmd.com/women/hashimotos-thyroiditis-symptoms-causes-treatments)

The signs and symptoms associated with Hashimoto's disease are mostly related with the metabolism. Pale, dry skin and sensitivity to cold are common symptoms along with fatigue, sluggishness and unexpected weight gain. Depression, a puffy face and stiff, tender muscles can also occur. In women, excessive or prolonged menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia) is common.

Diagnosis of Hashimoto's disease are based on the signs and symptoms of the person experiencing them and the results of a blood test that measures the levels of thyroid hormone and thyroid-stimulating hormones (TSH) produced in the pituitary gland. Other tests that can be done include an ultra sound or a CT scan of the thyroid gland. (http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hashimotos-disease/basics/definition/con-20030293)

A combination of factors determine the risks of developing this disorder. Women have a higher chance of developing Hashimoto's disease. Hashimoto's disease commonly occurs during middle age, but can happen at any age. Hashimoto's disease is hereditary and puts you at a higher risk if other family members have thyroid or autoimmune diseases.

Treatments for

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