Habits Disorders And The Corresponding Treatment For These Disorders

1151 Words Dec 5th, 2016 5 Pages
3. Explain Habit Disorders and the corresponding treatment for these disorders. (8 points)

The main characteristic of tic disorders is the presence of motor or vocal tics. Tics are defined as sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic, sterotyped motor movements or vocalizations. They are not “nervous habits” as many people believe. Those with tic disorders are able to suppress tics for brief periods of time, but stress and fatigue exacerbate tics. There are three main categories of tic disorders including Tourette 's disorder, persistent (chronic) motor or vocal tic disorder, and provisional tic disorder. These categories can be viewed on a continuum with transient tic disorder on mild side and Tourette’s disorder on the severe side.
The most common and least severe tic disorder is transient tic disorder. It is defined as a single or multiple motor and/or vocal tics that have occurred for less than a year. If either motor or vocal tics, but not both, have persisted for longer than a year, then chronic tic disorder is diagnosed. Lastly, the most severe tic disorder is Tourette’s disorder. It involves the presence of both motor and vocal tics lasting at least one year. Tourette’s often begins with a single motor tic at a very young age. Later, the tic becomes more complex and involves several muscle groups. Two specific types of motor tics are echokinesis and copropraxia, which involve imitation of others’ movements and vulgar/obscene gesturing, respectively. Vocal tics tend…

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