Grand Theory Written Assignment Essay

1264 Words Feb 18th, 2013 6 Pages
Assignment 3.1: Grand Theory Written Assignment

Assignment 3.1: Grand Theory Written Assignment
Nursing theory gathers specific information regarding aspects of nursing and utilizes these findings to communicate and describe nursing phenomena. Theories provide a framework for nursing practice and processes. Grand nursing theories are broadest in scope and provide generalizations regarding nursing situations. Grand nursing theories consist of four schools of thought. Nursing theorists bring a unique definition, approach, and focus to these specific schools of thought.
The first school of thought includes theories that reflect an image of nursing as meeting the needs of patients (Meleis, 2012). When a patient is unable to meet
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Imogene King was an interaction theorist that defined nursing as “…a process of action, reaction, and interaction whereby nurse and client share information about their perceptions of the nursing situation and agree on goals” (Meleis, 2012). King’s theory stated that the goal of nursing is to help individuals maintain their health and share meaningful interactions to achieve their goals (Meleis, 2012). The interaction school of thought is imperative because it empowers the patient to be an active and equal participant in their own health care.
The third school of thought is outcomes. These theorists strived to restore stability and bring balance to the patient and their environment (Meleis, 2012). Myra Levine was an outcomes theorist the believed that nursing is a conservation of integrities and energy (Meleis, 2012). Levine also defined nursing as patient advocacy and individualizing patient needs with compassion and commitment (Meleis, 2012). These theorists believe that effective coping mechanisms can help the patient live harmoniously.
The fourth and final school of thought is caring/becoming. These theories evolved from interaction theories but they are more expansive. “The process of care is defined as a process of becoming for both clients and nurses; however, transformation is only possible if each is open to it” (Meleis, 2012). Jean Watson believed the goal of nursing to be mental and spiritual growth for human beings,

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