Globalization, Migration And Higher Education Analysis

992 Words 4 Pages
In this part, first I analyze the connection between globalization, migration and higher education. Then I closely explore the causes and effects of migration with a main focus on migration of highly educated individuals from developing countries. Here, I mainly argue that globalization, migration and higher education are interconnected to each other and have significant influence on the socio-economic and political conditions of individuals and nation-states.

Globalization is a contested terrain with different definitions and perspectives from different scholars. Some people perceive globalization as increasing the homogeneity of societies, whereas others see it as increasing hybridization of culture and diversity (Kellner, 1997; cited in
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First of all, globalization is shaping the educational system of countries to respond to the global economy and diverse cultural orientation of the world (Torres, 2002). In fact, higher education institutions are now tending to have similar educational programs or open specific international programs in which everyone can join. This then links to my second arguments which is migration of people in general and highly educated individuals in particular. Globalization causes mobility of people including higher education students and teachers across the world. Here, I focus on highly educated migrants. Generally, highly educated migrants are these who have acquired higher education credentials with duration of two or more years (UNESCO, 2012; OECD & United Nations, 2013). For this study, considering the academic qualification required to teach in Eritrean higher education institutions, I focus on migrants who have at least Master’s …show more content…
Moreover, these factors are found to be instrumental both for aggravating or minimizing the brain drain in developing countries like Eritrea. Considering the case of Eritrea, besides these that leave the country legally, thousands of youth have crossed the border illegally and left Eritrea within the past two decades for these reasons. In additional to the effects brought by technological and economic globalization, the main causes for the exodus of Eritreans is rooted in the developments of political, military, human rights and broad socio-economic nature, which have taken place in the period since the Ethio-Eritrean border war in 1998 (UNHCR,

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