Globalization In Canada Case Study

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3a) It has been said that Canada’s history has been dominated by the export of staple products. Due to it being a British colony, Canada has been lacking in exporting products that would compete in the world market. Instead, Canada has become more known to export staple goods and developing transportation networks to connect port cities with regions that produce resources. Raw materials that Canada exports, such as timber and fur, help countries like the United States in creating products that help them become even more competitive in the world market.

b) In Canada, the pre-industrial economic era took place in the first half of the 19th century, in which Canada has a pre-market economy. In the mid-1830s, many immigrants from Europe were
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Before the Maritime provinces entered the Confederation, Canada’s first factories for shipbuilding, glass, and clothing enterprises, were successfully operating in Nova Scotia. After moving these factories into Ontario and Quebec, in 1867, there was a deindustrialization in the Maritimes. Due to the easy access of the U.S. market, the increasing population, and the railway that connects eastern Canada with western Canada, regions in Ontario and Quebec, mainly around Montreal and Toronto, would stay in the “industrial heartland of the country” (8). There was a rapid move from the agriculture sector to the manufacture after the advancement of industrialization, causing larger factories to move into cities like Toronto, Hamilton, and Montreal. This resulted in “rapid urban growth” and these changes accompanied social problem (8). At this time, due to the absence of labour laws and unions, workers received low pay, worked long hours, and worked in unhealthy and unsafe conditions. Despite the economic development, workers lived in unsanitary housing and there was lack of health care and social services. Poverty was till a norm in the Industrialization

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