Genetically Modified Organisms ( Gmos ) Essay

1723 Words Nov 20th, 2015 7 Pages
Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) are organisms that have been changed around by mutating, inserting, and deleting genes with the use of genetic engineering techniques or biotechnology (Goldbas 20). The goals genetic engineers seek is to create plant resistance to weeds, insect pests, plant diseases, droughts, and floods (Lundquist 26). Grumet, Hancock, Maredia, and Weebadde explained how genetically engineered crops are developed using a combination of genetic engineering and conventional plan breeding methods (3). Genetic engineering is a five step process. The five steps include: to obtain and engineer the desired gene using recombinant DNA technology, transfer the engineered gene into cells of the desired plant, regenerate cells with the new gene into the whole plant, verify the expression of the gene and performance of the gene, and incorporate the gene so they can be high performing by conventional breeders (5). Genetic engineering can be used in medicine or agriculture. There has been a huge debate about the safety of Genetically Modified (GM) crops and its herbicides. By 2025, the world population will rise by eight billion (Wilson 386). With an increase in population globally, the available agricultural land has declined (Wilson 386). This will cause a huge problem because there might not be enough farm land to sustain the world population. Switching to GM crops could reduce the use of toxic chemicals or a switch to chemicals that are less toxic (Wilson 393).…

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