Essay on Genetically Modified Food ( Gm )

750 Words Nov 13th, 2016 3 Pages
According to the Essentials of Biology, Genetically Modified Food (GM) are organisms that have been modified by the application of genetic engineering techniques (Mader & Windelspecht, 2015). Genetic engineering is accepted and a necessary practice in biotechnology. However, its use in crops has raised so many controversies. Techniques for genetic alteration have increasingly advanced over the last century from a traditional selective breeding to injecting genes from one organism into another (Skancke, 2009). The purpose of modifications in crops is to improve or correct certain defects and to make them more desirable to consumers as well as increasing productivity.
However, there is diverse viewpoint on opposing the crop modification. For example according to World Health organization (WHO), after the introduction of gene technology, there have been reported cases of adverse effects of this process (Weasel, 2009). There are claims by WHO that some GM foods are harmful for human consumption and the public is not aware of these negative effects. Therefore, there is a great need for the National food authorities to assess the safety of GMOs. Several systems have been formed to evaluate GM foods effects both on the environment and human health. The WHO Department of Food security has focused on helping the national regulatory bodies on Food Safety, by identifying foods that should be assessed and appropriate measures taken before marketing of these products.

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