Genetic Engineering: The Benefits Of Genetically Modified Food?

750 Words 3 Pages
According to the Essentials of Biology, Genetically Modified Food (GM) are organisms that have been modified by the application of genetic engineering techniques (Mader & Windelspecht, 2015). Genetic engineering is accepted and a necessary practice in biotechnology. However, its use in crops has raised so many controversies. Techniques for genetic alteration have increasingly advanced over the last century from a traditional selective breeding to injecting genes from one organism into another (Skancke, 2009). The purpose of modifications in crops is to improve or correct certain defects and to make them more desirable to consumers as well as increasing productivity.
However, there is diverse viewpoint on opposing the crop modification. For
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The ability to modify plants by inserting new genes shows innovative solutions to the low productions of crops and other problems facing the universe (Torr, 2001). Such innovativeness will play a huge role in eradicating the issue of food shortage around the world. Another benefit of GMO is to improve crop protection by introducing toxins into plants that act as resistance from plant related diseases. However, such benefits need to be balanced against the risks of modifying the genetic makeup of organisms. These risks include; cross- breeding with natural populations. Plants depend on the transfer of pollen through the air or insects so that they can breed and produce offspring, however, it is not easy to control how they cross-breed in the wild (Jones & Sutton, 1997). GMOs can also cause toxicity or allergic reactions as a result of introduced genes. Gene transfer from GMO to the human cells or even in the gastrointestinal tract would cause adverse effects to human …show more content…
The majority of users are not aware of the harmful effects of GM food on their health and the environment, yet they continue consuming these products (Skancke, 2009). Putting measures in place to examine these foods will enhance safety health. Traditional modified food is less expensive and does not cause any harmful effects to human body. There is also an increased nutrition in the food being consumed by the public. Additionally, farmers can use their seeds in another season, unlike the GMO approach. The risks involved in the regulation of GMOs includes; there will be a shortage of the crops being produced. This will be as a result of crop diseases which reduces chances of food security. The other disadvantage is the reduction of crop protection which leads to low

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