Gender Roles In The Song Of Deborah

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The Song of Deborah is considered one of the most well preserved and traditional pieces within the Bible. In Judges of the Hewbew Bible, the Song of Deborah accounts tribal conflict and the struggles of society with no king, however most importantly it projects the significant role women have in society. This is reflected through three main individuals: Deborah, Jael, and Sisera’s mother, all of whom can be described as liminal females, as seen through leadership, bravery and maternal roles they hold. The Song of Deborah provides a different perspective to social norms in society, in terms of, women holding patriarchal control through gender and control and power and authority in the pre monarchic period.

Gender and Control In the Song of Deborah, as the main female figure, Deborah herself plays a significant role in under gender and control through religious roles she carries. As depicted in line 7 of Judges 5, “… because you arose Deborah, arose as the mother in Israel.” Deborah depicted as a mother figure connotes protection, care and wellbeing to her people. However, also inspirational,
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As portrayed in, “Has not the Lord God of Israel commanded, ‘Go to Mount Tabor and take with you ten thousand men…” Barak said to her, ‘If you go with me, then I will go…” As represented, Deborah as prophetess and judge holds responsibility to communicate the word of God to the army, a responsibility which puts a rather large amount of power in her hands. Furthermore, Barak’s asking of her presence and to lead the military campaign reflects Deborah as a superior woman, active in her role to support and bring solace to the army. The superior role that Deborah holds, epitomises women in society as being active in their roles and responsibilities, as well as, taking charge to assist others at

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