Fundamental Rights Essay

1812 Words Oct 4th, 2011 8 Pages
Fundamental Rights are those rights and freedoms of the people of India, which enjoy constitutional recognition and guarantee. The Supreme Court of India and State High Courts have the power to enforce Fundamental Rights. Supreme court is the guardian protector of fundamental rights.
 A very detailed Bill of Rights It is a very detailed and comprehensive Bill of Rights. It contains 24 Articles from 12 to 35. These describe in detail the fundamental rights of the people of India.
 People enjoy only the rights given in the Constitution. The Constitution of India does not give any recognition to natural or un-granted rights People of India enjoy only those fundamental rights.
 Special Rights for the Minorities. The India bill of Rights
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It means equality among the similarly placed people. It does not prohibit the classification of persons into different groups.
 Prohibition of discrimination (Art. 15) It prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. No person can, on any of any of these grounds, be denied access to shops, hotels, public restaurants and places of public entertainment or the use of wells, tanks, bathing Ghats, and places of public resort.
 Equality of Opportunity (Art. 16.) this right provides equality of opportunity for all citizens in mattes relating to employment or appointment to any office the state. However, qualifications can be fixed for various jobs.
 Abolition of Untouchables (Art. 17). For eradicating the evil practice of untouchables in India, the Constitution has abolished untouchable. Practice of untouchable in any form is an offence publishable by law. All citizens of India now enjoy equal status.
 Abolition of Titles (Art. 18). The Constitution prohibits the state from conferring any title on citizens. However honors for military or academic distinctions can be given. This right does not prevent the grant of military decorations such as Parma Vir Chakra, Mahavir Chakra. Vir Chakra and Ashok Chakra.
Right to Freedom
 Under a set of four Articles (19- 22), the constitution grants the Right to Freedom to the entire citizen. These articles together constitute the charter of freedoms of the people.

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