Four Different Types Of Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

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Jamie-Lynn Sigler. Jack Osbourne. Montell Williams. What do these three celebrities – and many Americans – have in common? They are all living with Multiple Sclerosis (MS), which is “an adult onset neurological condition in which scattered lesions in the central nervous system [CNS] produce varying combinations of motor, sensory and cognitive impairments” (Yorkston, Baylor, & Amtmann, p. 197). The symptoms depend in part on where the plaques in the CNS are located and can include optic neuritis, numbness or a “pins and needles” feeling in the limbs, ataxia (the loss of control of one’s bodily movements), bladder dysfunction and sexual dysfunction. It is important to note that while “usually considered as an adult disease, Multiple Sclerosis (MS) also affects children and adolescents with an estimated frequency of 0.5 to 1.0 per 100,000” (Charvet, Cleary, Vazquez, K, Belman, & Krupp, 2014, p. 1478).
There are four different types of Multiple Sclerosis. First, Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS), the most common form, involves periods of neurologic
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According to Palmer (2000), “dietary modification” and “compensatory maneuvers” are all appropriate treatments for dysphagia that is secondary to MS. Depending on what type of MS the patient currently has and the severity level, I would do my best to work on compensatory maneuvers first in an effort to allow the patient to still be able to enjoy life as again, many of life’s moments is centered around food. Also depending on type of MS as well as the severity level, dietary modification and getting the patient to follow the rules of the diet plan would be another goal as many people do not want to give up the foods they love and retrovert back to “baby food” in a sense. Finally, with dysarthria being another secondary diagnosis of MS, that would be my next target as I would want my patient to be able to communicate via speech effectively as long as they

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