Essay on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder ( Fasd )

1142 Words Nov 28th, 2016 5 Pages
“Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is the leading known cause of developmental disabilities in North America, with one in 1000 live births having the development of FAS and one in 100 developing FASD” (Rutman, 2016). Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a disorder in which the fetus can develop certain conditions based on the mother’s alcohol consumption or high ethanol level during a pregnancy ( Kodituwakku, 2011). So with increased use of alcohol by the mother, more severe conditions may become prevalent. FASD usually happens during the embryonic period of development, which is during weeks two to nine but can continue into fetal development. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder is a canopy that incorporates different alcohol related disorders. FASD includes fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), partial fetal alcohol syndrome (pFAS), and alcohol related neurodevelopmental disorders (ARND) (CDC, 2015). Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is the most severe fetal alcohol disorder that shows the patient’s neurological, growth deficiencies and facial abnormalities (Suttie, 2013). Partial FAS is when two of the three FAS conditions and confirmed maternal alcohol consumption (NOFAS). ARND can show the neurological problems that a patient can developed (CDC, 2015). In this paper, I will talk about the signs and symptoms of FASD, prevention and treatment of FASD and some factors that a practicing hygienist needs to keep in mind when treating patient with FASD. There are many signs and…

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