Essay Fat- and Water-Soluble Vitamins

914 Words Dec 8th, 2014 4 Pages
Fat- and Water-Soluble Vitamins
April Gough
University of Phoenix
Nutrition
SCI/241
Mary L. Martin
November 7, 2014

Fat- and Water-Soluble Vitamins
Vitamins don't provide energy, like carbohydrates, proteins and fats, but they are essential compounds that help the body grow and function optimally. Thirteen essential vitamins help boost your immunity, strengthen your bones, heal wounds, bolster your eyesight and assist you in obtaining energy from food -- among multiple other functions. Without adequate vitamin intake, you may feel lethargic, be vulnerable to infection and develop other serious complications that can endanger your health and life. Each of the 13 vitamins has a specific function, but they also work together to
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Vitamin D aids in the absorption of calcium and phosphorous. Teeth, bones and cartilage require it. Vitamin E is also an antioxidant and helps to generate red blood cells and prevents blood from clotting. Vitamin K also works with the blood, aiding in the normal clotting process and bone maintenance. The B-complex vitamins and C are water soluble. As such, they are not stored in the body and need to be replenished daily. The B-complex vitamins assist the body in obtaining energy from food, vision, appetite control, healthy skin, nervous system and blood cell formation. C vitamins aid in growth of tissues, cartilage, bones, teeth and wound healing. Vitamin C also aids the white cells in helping to break down bacteria. The best way to provide your body with all of the vitamins it needs is to eat a well rounded healthy diet. For individuals with specific health problems, a daily vitamin may be recommended by their physician. Pregnant or breastfeeding women may also have daily vitamins recommended by their physicians. Individuals who are on strict diets or follow a vegetarian or vegan diet may supplement their intake with a multiple daily vitamin as well.
Inadequate vitamin intake risks your health, as you'll be more vulnerable to heart disease, cancer and osteoporosis. A deficiency in B vitamins can lead to permanent nerve damage and anemia. Get too little vitamin C and your body can't produce collagen, the primary tissue in the body. In severe cases of

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