Fast Food: The Leading Cause Of Obesity And Its Causes

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“According to this Google map, there are close to 50,000 fast food chains across the United States, with McDonalds being the largest restaurant chain” (Ransohoff). Fast food is one of the leading causes of obesity. Many Americans resort to eating fast food due to the convenience and lack of motivation to cook after a long day at work. Obesity is defined as the condition of being overweight. In a like manner, a nonexistence of energy balance is also a cause of obesity. Energy balance is the amount of energy one consumes compared to the amount of energy exerted throughout the day. In order to maintain a healthy weight, a person must keep the energy intake and output balanced overtime (“What Causes Overweight and Obesity”). As a matter of …show more content…
Furthermore, type 2 diabetes is a disease that affects the body’s blood sugar levels. The pancreas either does not produce enough insulin or it does not create enough to properly use. The issue with not having enough insulin to use is the glucose, or sugar, cannot get into the body’s cells to function properly (“Type 2 Diabetes Overview”). “Being overweight makes it more likely that you’ll become insulin resistant, which can also lead to many other health conditions” (Leontis and Hess-Fischl). Another type of disease that is caused by obesity is hypertension. Hypertension is when the arteries continuously experience high blood pressure. The definition of blood pressure is how much pressure is exerted on the walls of the vessel from the blood. When the heart beats, blood is pushed to the entire body through the arteries. The heart has to work harder to pump blood to the body when the blood pressure is high. This becomes an issue because it leads to damaged organs, kidney failure, heart failure, stroke, and many more life threatening illnesses (Nordquist). By the same token, being obese can also cause sleep apnea. Sleep apnea occurs while one is a sleep. It is an on-going condition that causes shallow breathing and abnormal pauses in breathing pattern. The pauses last no longer than a minute and are continuous within the hour. Following the pauses, normal breathing usually takes place. High blood pressure sometimes develops from sleep apnea which can lead to heart attack, stroke, and as the condition worsens, heart failure (“What is Sleep Apnea?”). In conclusion, obesity

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