Faith In Ancient Egyptian Religion

1565 Words 7 Pages
The ancient Egyptian civilization, one of the oldest civilization on earth, lived in Northeastern Africa around 3000 BCE. This nation’s culture is well known globally for important cultural enrichment in multiple fields of human knowledge, from the arts to religion to sciences. This essay will show that Ancient Egyptian’ theories about the nature of the universe or the human soul are based on faith. This been said, the main elements to the creation of the universe, the cult of the dead theory and the scientific arts will enable a better understanding on why the Egyptians used faith to justify their beliefs.

To begin, the main elements to the creation of the universe are not based on observations nor deduction. In the first place, the Egyptians
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They acted "in accordance with Ma’ at" otherwise, disorder could happened in their personal life, other’s lives and the universe. However, there is no confirmation that the respect of this invisible concept, illustrated as a human figure only to make it easier to the Egyptians to devote themselves towards it, is the cause of one’s misfortune or well-being. For example, when the Nile flood failed, the country suffered from famine. Although it was due to a dry period, the Egyptians thought this situation happened because Ma’ at broke down. Even though it was fundamental to Ancient Egyptian life, the concept of Ma’ at was so abstract to some people that it led to criticism and reformulation which cannot exist with rationalism because a universal truth cannot be criticize and modify. Then, the existence of magic for the Egyptians is the last supporting evidence related to the creation of the universe. Knowledge of magic was used to make direct contact between the divine and human worlds, to curse enemies, to cure, to protect though amulets, etc. In fact, they highly believed in the powers of magic even if they didn’t have any real proof of its existence. For example, if a person died even if he/she was trying to be cure by magic, it was said that it was the gods will for …show more content…
The Ancient Egyptian civilisation believed that death was only a passage for a better life in the next world and a temporary interruption of life. They had such a positive attitude towards death because of their belief in immortality. However, nobody among them experienced life after death and came back to earth to confirm the existence of a paradise where the personality, social ranking, family and even possessions of a person would be intact. Also, their vision on immortality is not based on rationalism because the only kind of knowledge within that theory is a priori knowledge. However, if we look at the definition of a priori: "relating to what can be known through an understanding of how certain things work rather than by observation", the Egyptians didn’t even know how immortality actually worked because it was such an abstract concept. They simply applied practices related to it without wondering how it functions. In the Egyptian culture, the passage of the soul through the Hall of Trust was also very important. Briefly, at death, the soul had to pass before the god Osiris and forty-two judges, representing the 42 laws of Ma’ at, in the Hall of Trust. This process was used to weigh the soul’s heart against the feather of Ma’ at, goddess of truth, harmony and justice. If the soul’s heart and the feather were in perfect balance, the dead could attain a stage of blessedness as an effective

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