Examples Of Federalism And Its Powers

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Federalism And Its Powers

When you hear the distribution of powers within the federal system, what comes to mind? What is the federal system, how are these powers distributed within this system, or is McDonalds still open? If McDonalds did not come to mind, according to Dautrich & Yalof (2014) “the federal system is a system of government in which power is divided between a central government and constituent political subunits”. The powers within the federal system are called the enumerated powers, reserved powers, and concurrent powers. These powers were designed so each state could delegate to the new central governments powers while retaining full power within its own constitutionally designated sphere of authority (p.56).

The powers
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The ability to spend money for general welfare, regulate interstate commerce, establish bankruptcy laws, establish courts, establish highways, take private property for public purposes with compensation, and the power to tax (p.56). These powers are both enjoyed by federal and state government. When you hear April 15th, the last day to file your taxes without a penalty should come to mind. Some states charge state taxes in addition to Federal taxes that are being charged already. This is a prime example of the concurrent powers in action. Since this is a shared power and not exclusive both entities can tax you. Additional examples of its power to tax ranges from the ability to impose excise taxes, income taxes, and sales tax on goods. Some goods have national and state tax already included in the price. A prime example is …show more content…
Federalism is a system of government in which the powers are distributed. These powers are commonly known as the reserved powers, concurrent powers, and enumerated powers. We learned that reserved powers are the powers retained by the state. This power was brought about by the 10th amendment. It basically conveyed that whatever is not stated as a responsibility of the federal government, is under the control of the state (p.56). Concurrent powers are the powers shared by both the federal government and the states. A prime example of this is the ability to tax since both entities can do it at the same time. In the state of Virginia when you file your taxes you file for federal income tax and state tax. Enumerated powers are a list of things the federal government can do found in Article I, section 8 of the U.S Constitution. Out of the three powers, the enumerated powers are the most extensive. It can be said because of this that that the founding fathers meant for this branch to be the dominant of the three

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