Euthanasi Euthanasia And Passive Voluntary Or Nonvoluntary Euthanasia
980 Words Nov 15th, 2015 4 Pages
The term euthanasia comes from the Greek for “good death”. According to Vaughn, it is an act of ending a person’s life for their own sake. There are four kinds of euthanasia which include active voluntary or nonvoluntary euthanasia and passive voluntary or nonvoluntary euthanasia. Active euthanasia is consciously conducting the act with an intent to end the life of someone while passive euthanasia is the lack of action that lead to a person’s death. On the other hand, voluntary euthanasia is when a fully competent person wishing death requests procedures that can end their life. However, nonvoluntary euthanasia is executed when the patient is in a state that restricts their ability to give informed consent such as a persistent vegetative state.
The argument of euthanasia is further complicated in how we define death. Currently, there are four definitions used to define death. The traditional definition states that death is the loss of cardiopulmonary functions. Meaning that, if an individual suffers an irreversible damage to the cardiopulmonary organs, obstructing normal function such as breathing, then they are considered dead. Technological advancements that sustain people suffering cardiopulmonary damage, however, blur the line between life and the traditional definition of death. The whole brain approach defines death as an irreversible damage to the entire brain. According to this…