Essay on ETHICAL (MORAL) RELATIVISM

1016 Words Jan 17th, 2014 5 Pages
RUNNING HEADING: ETHICAL (MORAL) RELATIVISM
Ethical (Moral) Relativism

Exploring Kohlberg’s stance on Ethical Relativism
JebbehG

Ethics in Contemporary Society | PHI101 A01
July 17, 2013

Introduction
Presently, Americans are comfortable relating ethics to individuality. Often times, American citizens expresses their right of freedoms to enhance their own sense of ethics or relativity. In defining relativism, moral principles are a matter of personal feelings and individual preference. As for individual moral relativism, figuring out what is moral and immoral in specific circumstances differs according to the person. On another note, moral relativists have a disbelief in universal truths or common law.
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Basically, right and wrong are culture-specific; however, what is right in one culture may be considered as corrupt in another culture (Owen, 2011). Being there is no universal code of morality, individuals does not have the right to judge another societal traditions.
At the conventional stage of ethical development, each person respects the beliefs of his or her group, family, or nation, as important, despite of the abrupt and apparent concerns (Klikauer, 2011). This stance is not just conformity to subjective expectations and social order, but also one of loyalty. According to Kohlberg, cultural relativist is often stuck in this stage due to their beliefs and cultural upbringing. Furthermore, I support this stance for different reasons. For example, I was raised to believe in Christianity is the right path to follow because my parents instill that religion into me as a child.
In conclusion, many philosophers have both defended and opposed moral relativism. Recent research argues that normative moral theories should be controlled and explore by psychologists to grasp a more in-depth understanding (Quintelier & Fessler, 2012). Researchers questioned the thought that individuals are or can be moral relativists. If so, can being a moral relativist affect can an individual's moral functioning. This research is underutilized in theorists' normative philosophies of relativism; all together, the pragmatic work is abstractly incoherent (Quintelier & Fessler, 2012).

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