Essay On The Role Of Women In Ancient Egypt

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The New Kingdom was a very significant period in Egypt whereby society changed dramatically as a result of expansion and new foundations of political, military, administrative and religious matters. However, it is also a period which highlighted much of what is known today about non- royal people everyday society, as a result of archaeological evidence. This essay examines how women were depicted in everyday society, particularly drawing on how gender was represented and constructed through archaeological evidence of funerary equipment and daily life settlement. Gender itself is quite a controversial term in the 21st century, for this reason its must be redefined and reflected on the political, social and cultural time period, by examining …show more content…
However, women did have distinct roles and responsibilities as seen through daily activities that are portrayed in settlements and spaces such as temples, households, royal households, and menstruation spaces. In exploring the role of women in New Kingdom Egypt, marriage and having children is depicted to be the expected outcome of females across all levels of society, including the non-royal elite. Although their is no archaeological evidence in the New Kingdom of marriage associations, Demotic documents from later periods, suggest any type of formal ceremony of marriage or the binding of a man and woman. Reflecting marriage itself to be quite informal through documentation of agreements of property ownerships, and insurance of protection and support that is provided for the female. Thus suggesting quite an subordinate position of the female to be assured shelter and protection, however also the expected duty of producing offspring in return and as service to her husband. As depicted at Deir el Medina, where the first room of the house was reserved as a birthing room, as portrayed through evidence of wall paintings and imagery associated with fertility, as well as evidence of figurines and shrines of fertility goddesses, such as Bastet and Isis.; Furthermore, archaeological evidence of birthing bricks, providing strong evidence to support the fact of giving birth to be situated within the household of the female. As described, “A good sized hole is dug…Right and left of this hole are set two up-ended bricks…The mother puts each foot on the pot or brick and crouches. As a result of this elevation, the midwife can perform her work more comfortably… The mother is supported by several women.” As can be suggested, a married women was more respected in society due to the expectation of marriage that was upheld in

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