Essay On Play Therapy

460 Words 2 Pages
Play therapy gives children the opportunity to explore, and establish play that is interesting and exciting to them. Play therapy helps to build the communication and learning process in children. Play therapy is used strategically to help children face their problems. This therapy is different from the usual play, the therapists use play to help a child address and find a solution to their problems. The theories that guide this studies research on play therapy, are Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, Gardeners theory of multiple intelligences, and Anna Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory.
Piaget’s theory of cognitive development includes four stages of development. The first stage is the Sensimotor stage (ages 0-2), in this stage the child’s
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Gardener divided intelligence into eight categories as follows; Linguistic intelligence ("word smart"), Logical-mathematical intelligence ("number/reasoning smart"), Spatial intelligence ("picture smart"), Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence ("body smart"), Musical intelligence ("music smart"), Interpersonal intelligence ("people smart"), Intrapersonal intelligence ("self-smart") and Naturalist intelligence ("nature smart"). The theory of multiple intelligences advocates for using music, games, art activities, and role playing (Gardner, 1993). Play therapy relates to gardeners multiple intelligences when it comes to role playing and giving the children the opportunity to use the things they are good at in order to cope with their issues.
Lastly, According to Bromfield (2003), Anna Freud had strong beliefs in the importance of child development, and valued play therapy as a means for understanding and healing. Anna Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory methods were aimed at helping children come to consciously understand why they thought, felt, and behaved as they did. Anna Freud played a major role in play therapy since her purpose was getting the children to understand their own

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