Essay On Effects Of Smoking

777 Words 4 Pages
One of the top leading causes of preventable deaths and illness in the United States, is tobacco.
Approximately 20 million people as of 1964 have died from the use of tobacco, and an estimated 2.5 million from second hand smoke (Services). One single cigarette contains over 7,000 chemicals which include ammonia, nicotine, arsenic, and acetone. Some of these chemicals are very dangerous poisons and are known to cause different types of cancer. When cigarettes were first discovered there were not as many harmful chemicals in them, nowadays the harmful chemicals that are put into cigarettes are also found in rat poison and gasoline. Smoking has many negative effects on the health of an individual such as heart disease, lung cancer, COPD and death.
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Smoking increases the blood pressure, increases the chances of a blood clot, and decreases the tolerance of exercise, causing heart diseases.
The risk for developing any form of heart disease is greater in women who smoke and use oral contraceptives together, as well as men and women under the age of fifty (NHLBI). One out of four people in the world die each day from heart diseases caused by smoking or secondhand smoke. An estimated 34,000 nonsmokers die from heart diseases each year, as a result of exposure to cigarette smoke (secondhand smoke). Nicotine found in cigarettes cause a short-term increase in heart rate, blood pressure, and the blood flow from the heart. The arteries become narrower and the carbon monoxide reduces the oxygen that the blood can carry. This, combined with all of the effects produced
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by nicotine, creates an unequal balance in the demand for oxygen by cells and the amount of oxygen the blood is able to supply (nicotine).
The second considerable effect of smoking is lung cancer. Lung cancer is a cancer that begins in the tissues of the lungs or the cells lining the airways. This cancer originates when the normal lung
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The third considerable effect of smoking is COPD or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
COPD is one of the most common lung diseases in the world, and is also the third leading cause of death in the United States. Along with lung cancer, smoking causes 90% of COPD cases in the world (centers for disease). Smokers who suffer with lung damage have a greater chance of developing COPD. Smoke from cigarettes contain many harmful toxins that affect the lungs. When these toxins get inhaled straight into the lungs, they can lead to irritation of the lungs, causing COPD. Long term smokers incur more damage from smoke over time causing lung inflammation and the breakdown of the lungs filter system (Rufener).
The last considerable effect of smoking is death. More than 480,000 people die yearly from smoking and second hand smoke (fast facts). The use of tobacco damages every part of the body including the mouth, throat, bladder, kidneys, stomach, liver, bladder, and cervix causing the body

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