Essay On Crohn's Disease

584 Words 3 Pages
Crohn’s disease is a recurrent infection that affects primarily the digestive system. It involves inflammation of the intestines both the small and the large intestines. It affects only the digestive tract of human beings. To enable one understand Crohn's disease, it is important to understand the whole digestive system and how it works in the process of digestion.
The digestive system is made up of the digestive tract, the pancreases, liver and the gall bladder. Track refers to hollow organs joined from the mouth all the way to the anus. Food is ingested in the mouth and moves along the digestive tract to the anus where waste is excreted. Along the digestive tract, food is digested and broken down into smaller food components that can be absorbed and utilized by the body. Nerves, blood, bacteria and the organs work together to complete digestion task. Digestion is important for the
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However, it associates with environmental factors and genetic factors. Evidence has shown prevalence in lines of families. Research findings aiming to single out the cause of Crohn's disease have emerged with explanations on autoimmune reaction, environment, and genes as the likely factors.
The infection occurs when an individual’s Immune system mistakenly attacks living cells in a person’s body. The immune system is a pattern of automatic defense mechanism by the body to defend itself against pathogenic micro organisms. The immune system works with the help of antibodies that engulf pathogens of foreign cells within the body. This can cause wounds on the inner walls of the intestine causing inflammation. The wounds in the small intestine may spread with time due to actions of digestive enzymes and acids in the digestive tract. This can lead to permanent and persistent damage to the small intestines causing Krohn's disease (Klein, Griga, Folwaczny & Epplen,

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