Erikson 's Theory On Psychosocial Development Essay

1624 Words Nov 29th, 2015 7 Pages
"Hope is both the earliest and the most indispensable virtue inherent in the state of being alive. If life is to be sustained hope must remain, even where confidence is wounded, trust impaired. “These are the words of Erik Erikson, one of the most well-known psychologists for his theory on psychosocial development. Erikson was an ego psychologist; he put emphasis on the role of culture and society and the conflicts that can take place within a person’s self-ego. Erikson’s theory on psychosocial development has eight stages (McLeod, 2008). I believe that Erikson’s psychosocial development theory is still one of the most relevant theories that explain human development. I choose Erikson’s theory because how he emphasizes the importance of social nature and the influence that social relationships have on development.
Erikson first published his eight stages of human development theory in his 1950 book Childhood and Society. He expanded and refined his theory in later books: Identity and the Life Cycle in 1959, Insight and Responsibility in 1964, The Life Cycle Completed: A Review (1982, revised 1996 by Joan Erikson), and Vital Involvement in Old Age in 1989 (Champman, 2013). Some criticism on Erikson’s theory includes lack of scientific support, the emphasis on the sexual foundation and the negative image of people (Santrock, 2011). Erik Eriskson was inspired to develop his theory by another theorist.
Erikson was influenced by Sigmund Freud’s developmental theory, Freudian…

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