Eric Erikson's Theory Of Trust And Infancy

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Infancy is the period of growth and human development between the ages of birth and 2 years old. Most of the infant’s cognitive development will happen naturally with the parent of caregiver helping along the way. Infants between the ages newborn and three months are able to recognize the parents smell and voice. They respond to high pitched voice, and may mimic a tongue being stuck out at him. At this stage, the infant doesn 't realize he can make things happen. At 6 weeks, he doesn 't realize that the parent exists when the parent is not with him. Strangers aren’t frightening to him, and he welcomes cuddling from anyone.
Infants between the ages of 3 months and 6 months now realize they can make things happen. The infant is able to recognized
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The trust and mistrust occurs between the ages of birth and 18 months. According to Erikson, this is the most important stage in a person 's entire life. During this developmental stage a child learns whether or not the can trust the world. The care they receive from their parents or caregiver helps form this trust. An infant is limited on their communication skill, so one way they communicate is through crying. When the baby cries, the caregiver should meet the child needs of providing food, fresh diapers, safety, and comforting cuddling. How quickly the adult responds to the child 's cries will determine whether a foundation of trust is established. When the infant’s needs are constantly met, he/she will begin to trust the caregiver around them, however, if the needs aren 't met, the child will mistrust the caregiver around them. A child who develops trust will feel safe and secure in the world. The child that doesn 't establish trust will develop fear and that the world in inconsistent and …show more content…
No attention was given to the cognitive development and very little was given to the emotional development (Louw, 1998). Erikson theories have been criticized for being too vague about the causes of development. He doesn’t explain in detail why trust is so important, nor why or how these developments take place. (Shaffer, 2009). His theories were built largely on ethical principles and not scientific data (Feist & Fiest, 2006).
Jean Piaget’s stages of cognitive development is referred to as the blue print that describes the stages of normal development from infancy to adulthood. Piaget’s developed four stages of development in a child, sensorimotor, stage, preoperational stage, concrete operational stage, and formal operational stage. Piaget 's theory incorporates conceptual and linguistic development, scientific and mathematical reasoning, and moral development. The infancy stage in Piaget theory is the sensorimotor stage also referred to as the sensory-motor stage. This stage covers the beginning stages of a child 's life, birth to 2 year of age. The first development a child is born with in the sensorimotor stage is

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