Equids obtain different diseases and some have cures while others do not. Equine infectious anemia is one of those without a cure. Many studies have been conducted on this topic so more can be known about this disease. Most of this can be avoided when purchasing an equid for personal use by talking to the previous owner. Equids are any type of animal that has hooves and is related to the horse including donkeys and zebras. This paper takes a look at equine infectious anemia and will examine the laws, control and prevention, and how the disease currently stands in the world.
The first case of equine infectious anemia (EIA) was reported in 1843 in France. It is classified as a lentvirus in the Retroviridae family, which results in episodes that …show more content…
These symptoms are always reoccurring and just gradually get worse because the virus constantly lives in the equid’s tissues. The latent classification is the worst one because the horse does not show any symptoms of having the disease so the only way to find out if your animal has procured the virus is to test it and is otherwise known as asymptomatic. This virus can be potentially fatal due to the process that takes place once it has entered the body.
Some of the signs of infection include thrombocytopenia and anemia. The way the immune system reacts to this disease is very important. The body needs the cytoxic T lymphocytes to help control any disease but the EIA virus bypasses that response and continues replication. Thrombocytopenia begins with a fever and an immunoglobulin increase causes the endothelial cells to become infected that in turn destroy erythrocytes or red blood cells. If you have a foal with immunodeficiency then it will develop thrombocytopenia once infected with the EIA virus because the T and B cell counts are low making them unable to fight back against the antigen. They do not have the ability to free the blood of the virus-causing anemia. Beginning with