Emotional Intelligence and Locus of Control as Correlates of Career Choice in Business Education Among Undergraduates

1272 Words Jun 19th, 2012 6 Pages
CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1. BACKGROUND OF STUDY

Generally, researchers have investigated issues relating to aspects of career choice by teenagers (Breakwell, 1988; Dick & Rallis, 1991; Jawitz, 2000; Woolnough, 1994). Southwick (2000), for example: observes the trend toward a decline in graduate enrolments in health-related fields, as well as science and engineering, having recorded enrolment decline from 1993-1997, after four decades of annual increases. A continuing decline of admissions in these areas may lead to a shortage of skilled health and science workers and this could ultimately hurt the society. Palmer (2005) also observes the reduction in the numbers and calibre of students seeking admissions into engineering
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Locus of control refers to an individual's generalized expectations concerning where control over subsequent events resides. In other words, who or what is responsible for what happens. It is analogous to, but distinct from, attributions. According to Weiner (2007) the "attribution theory assumes that people try to determine why people do what they do, that is, attribute causes to behavior." There is a three stage process which underlies an attribution. Step one: the person must perceive or possibly observe the behavior. Step two is to try and figure out if the behavior was intentional, and step three is to determine if the person was forced to perform that behavior. The latter occur after the fact, that is, they are explanations for events that have already happened. Expectancy, which concerns future events, is a critical aspect of locus of control. Locus of control is grounded in expectancy-value theory, which describes human behavior as determined by the perceived likelihood of an event or outcome occurring contingent upon the behavior in question, and the value placed on that event or outcome. More specifically, expectancy-value theory states that if
(a) Someone values a particular outcome and
(b) That person believes that taking a particular action will produce that outcome, then
(c) They are more likely to take that particular action.

Many Nigerian students make poor adjustment

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