Emile Durkheim Structural Functionalism Theory In Society

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In order to analyze the intricate nature of societies, sociologists employ several theoretical tactics. Moreover, structural-functionalism is perhaps the most effective approach towards understanding the big picture in the co-existence and union of a society as a whole. The structural-functionalism approach recognizes society at a macro-level, where it’s diverse pieces mutually rely on one another for stability. Additionally, distinct parts of a society operate together in promoting somewhat of an equilibrium, to preserve and solidify the body.
Through the utilization of the body analogy, it’s palpable to equate different parts of the body to different aspects of society. Consequently, race, gender, religion, and a motley of other inequalities
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Durkheim’s unique attitudes towards deviance prompted that deviance is necessary for the stability of societies. We would not know good without evil. Crimes, and other forms of deviance bring people in a community together with a sense of bond against a common enemy. Through the beliefs of Durkheim it is manifest that in order for society to function, chaos is required. Policemen, and other enforcement occupation would be obsolete without deviance. Additionally, although deviance is a wrongful violation of cultural, it is necessary to enforce those cultural norms in the first place. Deviance creates power, and a sense of what is right and wrong, in a way, a society with flaws is an effective one because of those …show more content…
Durkheim not only has (Rosenburg, 1973) “contributed…[towards] giving modern sociology its shape.” (p.270), but has benefited in the branching development of the many functionalist’s advancements. Ordinarily, Durkheim’s positivity towards modernization provides usefulness, instead of a pessimistic view towards society’s inevitable demise, with no valued practicality. In other words, Durkheim’s positivity suggests structure, and arguable answers that aid in progression, whereas the other frameworks provide no concrete organization to the straightforward, general function of a society. Additionally, Durkheim provides observable answers to complex social problems. For example, he informs a reasonable belief that people suicide because of anomie, the lack of moral direction onto individuals. Furthermore, Durkheim’s examinations signify that society maneuvers at a macro-level, where we must adapt, and understand its defects to provide resistance, and solidarity. In this case, understanding even just a theory on why people suicide, aids in the adjustment for society to reshape itself to promote stability.
Previously stated, social order is crucial to the function of a society, ideologies, and inequalities are hence the building blocks to its structure. Through the structural-functionalism approach, social stratification is essentially advantageous to a society’s operation. In the Davis-Moore thesis,

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