Embryonic Stem Cell Research Debate

Superior Essays
Medical research has reached a point where it causes controversy and this is not the first time that a controversy revolves around medical research. Animal research has and still causes arguments within the medical field as to know whether or not it is morally correct to use animals as test subjects in medical research. The latest debate in the field is about whether or not embryonic stem cell research is morally acceptable. As the name implies, embryonic stem cells come from embryos. Stem cells can be described as blank cells, which means that they have yet to be assigned a purpose; they can become any kind of cell. When using stem cells to cure patients, they are given a purpose. Embryonic stem cell research should be allowed. To support …show more content…
The main reason that is given against embryonic stem cell research is that it requires the death of human beings, this is not a relevant argument. The argument is based on the hypothesis that embryos are human beings, however, this is the same argument made by those who are against abortions. Albeit, a legislation had been passed in the United States in order to prevent the federal funding of embryonic stem cell research, five years later a second bill was passed to allow in vitro fertilized embryos to be used for stem cell research. An argument that was often used in favour of the bill was that these embryos would be “discarded” were they not used for research purposes (Hulburt 80). This is a key idea of embryonic stem cell research, these embryos would not be given birth to anyway, even if they had not been in vitro fertilized, if the parents want to donate the embryo for research purposed, chances are that they would have aborted their embryo even if they had not given it to research labs. Looking at the argument from a new angle, one may ask if these embryos should be given birth to. If they are given birth to, the world’s food supplies would have to be divided amongst many more humans. On top of going through malnutrition, these humans would suffer of the world’s overpopulation which would help spread illnesses much faster and kill many more humans. Therefore, as these new humans should have to live in a world where food is …show more content…
By regenerating organs many diseases would become irrelevant, no more important than minor injuries. Parkinson’s disease affects nerves in the human body and reduces the dopamine level, however, tests on lab animals have shown that within five months, these animals could recover normal levels of dopamine in their bodies. These results are the same as those obtained through fetal nerves transplants in patients suffering of Parkinson’s disease, the treatment currently used to ease symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. Although the results are not conclusive as to whether or not it may cure Parkinson’s disease, it does alleviate the symptoms and a cure has yet to be found for it (Park). This is one instance of embryonic stem cells being able to cure diseases for which there is close to no cure but there may be many other. Results may be biased by medical researchers as there is yet to be a standard method to measure the efficacy of stem cell treatments. Nevertheless it is believed that the embryonic stem cell treatments may become a norm a few years to cure cardiac diseases. Meanwhile embryonic stem cells have to be shown to be safer and be “superior” to other forms of stem cells (Brunt 330-331). Diabetes is another disease that is hard to cure. It is only controlled with insulin which helps to prevent complications which include, but are not limited to neurovascular and cardiovascular diseases. Although pancreas transplantation has

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    The example used is the nervous system. If scientist use the development of a nervous system to start personhood, would that make a stroke victim who lost nerve cells less human? A third view is that the embryo has no moral status. Supporters argue that the eggs are no different than other parts of the body because they have not developed enough to survive independently. People against this say that taking the stem cells prevents the embryo from developing normally.…

    • 2411 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    One example may be down syndrome, which is a major cause for the use of genetic testing. While there are no cures, treatment may help it. This is a reason why either extreme is wrong: genetic testing should be allowed, but not to aid in the abortion of children. When given information on diseases such as down syndrome, parents should opt to get treatment necessary. This is extremely important because it is shown to help more than treatment provided after birth (Knapton).…

    • 1060 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    People have been pushing for bans like the great ape research ban, which pushes to ban the use of non-human great apes in research. Others seek to ban stem cell research because of how embryonic cells are obtained. In 1995 the Dickey-Wicker Amendment was passed as an attempt to limit funding to stem cell researchers. Megan Kearl explains the Dickey-Wicker amendment is “restricting the use of federal funds for creating, destroying, or knowingly injuring human embryos.” (Kearl). By having this law in place, researchers would have limited funding and it would discourage stem cell research, but this law does not prohibit private companies from continuing stem cell research.…

    • 1012 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    This goes off of something called germline modification, which is the modification of germ cells that transmit genetic information from one generation to the next (Foht). The modification of genes entails the termination of the subject, which prevents germline modification. This is normally seen as the morally and ethically correct way to perform these tests, and to conduct further research in this field of study (Foht). Some try to relate this to the debate on abortion, as it calls for the termination of the embryo. Yet, the position that scientists have a moral obligation to terminate the embryo after gene modification goes beyond the justifications offered by abortion advocates…

    • 1354 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    If these fertilised eggs where not donated for scientific research they would most likely be killed anyway. For embryos to fully develop into humans they must be transferred into a uterus, they cannot do it on their own, embryos require external help. There is also a chance the embryo will not develop as conception via IVF has a success rate of approximately 50%. The stem cells extracted from are used to help with the understanding of diseases and developing drugs and treatments for them. One example of this is trials that are under way at the moment that are investigating whether embryonic stem cells can be used to help patients with cardiovascular disease.…

    • 1235 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The people that choose to abort their fetus and donate the fetus tissue doesn’t get paid for having this procedure done. They have to actually pay to get the abortion and to donate. People who are having abortions, they want them to donate their fetal tissues to people that have some type of degenerate…

    • 792 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    ESCR (embryonic stem cell research) is argued to be a motive that is unfair as well as the debate on whether it should be declared illegal due to the possible death, pain and unfair treatment to all involved ("Ten Problems with Embryonic Stem Cell Research."). It explains the reasons and beliefs of the other party. An additional concern of the opposing part is that fact that, "Humans should not be trying to play God and some argue that stem cell research in the far future can lead to knowledge on how to clone humans. It is hard to say whether this is true, but we have seen devastating consequences of other research-programs, even with good intentions, such as nuclear research (Stem Cell Research-Pros and Cons). The quote explains the human fear behind the matter of stem cell research.…

    • 1258 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    There are also many arguments against stem cell research. People argue that destroying embryos is also destroying innocent lives. Stem cells should only be used from babies that were aborted. Abortion isn 't a good thing, but at least the unborn babies will have somewhat of a purpose in life. A lot of taxpayers don 't think their money should be going towards something that they all don 't agree with.…

    • 1004 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Stem cell research brings a lot of controversy because of the wide range of ways stem cells can be used in research. There are those who support and oppose stem cell research. Stem cell research is currently used to cure cell mutations that could lead to cancers; however, this research could potentially lead to dangerous, unethical experimentation. Using any stem cells to propagate differentiated human cells, tissues, or organs should be prohibited because these embryos are alive, and scientists do not fully know the effects of this research. Scientific background: According to the American Journal of Health Education, “Stem cells are template cells found throughout the body that can grow to become cells with specialized functions” (Eve,…

    • 2551 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Stem Cell Research Debate

    • 1081 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Stem cell research has always been a controversial issue when it comes to the use of embryonic cells. Of course, there are other alternative types of stem cells like, those found in cord blood from childbirth or those found in bone marrow, but these cells have a much smaller range of medical uses than the cells from embryos. The source of embryonic stem cells is primarily leftover embryos from fertilization clinics. The choice to donate leftover embryos to research is a choice made only by the mother. In regards to stem cell research, the opposing group is strongly against the use of embryos from fertilization clinics for research.…

    • 1081 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays

Related Topics