El Chapo Essay

1939 Words Mar 29th, 2011 8 Pages
Guzmán was born on April 4, 1957 to a poor family in the hamlet of La Tuna near Badiraguato, where he sold oranges as a child. He had two sisters: Armida and Bernarda; and had 4 brothers: Miguel Angel, Aureliano, Arturo and Emilio. Little is known about Guzmán's early years. His father was supposedly a cattle rancher, as were most in the area; it is believed, however, that he also grew opium poppy.[2][7] Fortunately for Guzmán, his father had connections to higher-ups in the Sinaloan capital of Culiacán through a relative, Pedro Avilés Pérez, Joaquin Guzmán's uncle. Aviles was a key player in the Sinaloa drug business, seen as a pioneer for finding new methods of transporting the rural produce to urban areas for shipment by way of …show more content…
His trial was conducted by a judge, but without a jury, which is common in Mexico where jury trials are rarely seen.[2]

The police say Guzmán carefully masterminded his escape plan, wielding influence over almost everyone in the prison, including the facility's director. He allegedly had the prison guards on his payroll, smuggled contraband into the prison and received preferential treatment from the staff. In addition to the prison-employee accomplices, police in Jalisco were paid off to ensure he had at least 24 hours to get out of the state and stay ahead of the military manhunt. The story told to the guards being bribed was that Joaquin was smuggling gold out of the prison, ostensibly extracted from rock at the inmate workshop. The escape allegedly cost Joaquin $2.5 million.[11][2]

After a ruling by the Supreme Court of Mexico made it easier for extradition to occur between Mexico and the United States, Guzmán bribed several guards to aid his escape. On January 19, 2001, Francisco "El Chito" Camberos Rivera opened Guzman's electronically operated cell door, where Guzman got in a laundry cart that Camberos rolled through several doors and eventually out the front door. Guzman was then transported in the trunk of a car driven by Camberos out of the town. At a gas station Camberos went inside, when he came back Guzman was gone on foot into the night. According to officials, seventy-eight people have been implicated in his escape plan.[2]

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