Effects Of Pharmaceutical Drugs On Pregnancies Essay
Do the benefits outweigh the risks that affect both mother and child?
Effects of Pharmaceutical Drugs on Pregnancies
Pharmaceutical drugs are defined as drugs prescribed by a doctor or bought over-the-counter(OTC) for medicinal purposes. In relation to pregnancies, prescription and OTC drugs can affect them in both positive and negative ways. They have helped women maintain health conditions and aid in overcoming the discomforts a pregnancy brings, yet have the potential to cause birth defects. Studies have been rather limited as most have been conducted on animals, but have led to some insight on the teratogenic risks that drugs pose: disturbances to the development of the fetus or embryo. Overall, drugs taken during a pregnancy offer both benefits and risks that affect both mother and child. In order to understand the effects drugs have on pregnancies, it is crucial to first understand why they are being taken. Certain trends and patterns have been linked to prescription drug use as shown by a population-based observational cohort study funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health, whose research discovered that having a high body mass index (BMI), smoking, being 25 years or younger, carrying multiple fetuses, and having one or more chronic diseases were common factors that responded to taking prescription drugs during a pregnancy (Smolina, Hanley, Mintzes, Oberlander, & Morgan, 2015).…