Substance Abuse Policy

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substances (Finkelstein, 1994). With regards to this policy, perhaps instead of looking at cause of substance abuse in general, it is more beneficial to look at the reasons why the substance abuse continues to happen during a woman’s pregnancy.
There are many barriers one may face in deciding to fight addictions. However, women, particularly pregnant women, seem to face many more than their male counterparts. One such way in which pregnant women have a barrier to treatment is the limited number of facilities that serve pregnant women. Further barriers include: childcare responsibilities, stigmatization, and the inability to pay for treatment, inadequate financial resources, and threats of legal interventions. Regardless of cause and
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So much so, substance use has become, in a sense, a normalcy. Just because society has been desensitized to seeing the abuse, doesn’t mean the major consequences can be ignored. There are certain spikes of use in history in which have played a crucial role in policy aimed to fight the abuse of such substances in pregnant women. Historically, substance abuse has been said to be a man’s disease. However, as the end of the 19th century was nearing, almost two thirds of the nation’s opium and morphine addicts were women (Lester, B. Andreozzi, L., & Appiah, L.; 2004). Society’s views have, historically, been harsher towards substance abuse in women than of men. This harshness is believed to come from the view if a woman is abusing substances then she is neglecting her responsibilities as a mother. This view is amplified if the woman is abusing substances during …show more content…
Even though it punishes the mother if she is found guilty, it does not necessarily help prevent the problem from occurring. The policy for testing the mother includes: (1) prenatal screening cannot be used as prosecutorial evidence, (2) pregnant women must be informed of the test, (3) if positive, possible charges of abuse/ neglected child could come forth under KRS 600.020(1), (4) any physician may administer a toxicology test to a pregnant woman under the physician’s care within 8 hours after delivery to determine if there has been a substance ingested, (5) if the woman has obstetrical complications that are medical indications of possible use of a substance for nonmedical purpose then they have reason to drug test the woman, (6) a physician can administer a toxicology test on a newborn infant if the attending person has reason to believe, based on a medical assessment, of the mother or the child, that the mother used such substances for a nonmedical use during pregnancy (KRS600.020(1),

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