Effects of Modernity Essay

928 Words Apr 20th, 2005 4 Pages
The old-traditional way of life has vanished for ever. Today only villages and some small towns remind us of this kind of life, and as time passes, more people choose to abandon traditional way of life, to move to the "big city". Modern way of life has nothing in common with the traditional one. Human habits, values, norms have changed. The most important of these social changes can be observed in human relationships, family economy, education, government, health, and religion. To be able to examine these changes, one has to compare traditional and modern way of life.
In traditional societies, to begin with, there is a strong fellow-feeling; everybody is considered a friend and is expected to act this way, in case of personal or family
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Industrialization turned everything upside-down in this sector of human activity. In pre-industrial societies income and the economy as a whole, were based on agriculture and manufacturing in home. Wealth was not something to be pursued, the character and personality of the individual had greater value than his wealth: "the hard-working poor man is superior to the lazy rich man" (Vidich: 230). In modern economies everything is based on industrial mass production and white-collar jobs have increased. The pursuit for wealth is so high that if we compare it with traditional societies, modern ones would look corrupted (Macionis: 408).
The fact that traditional societies were small in size, made possible for anyone to participate with an active and direct way in the government of his community. "Every one is urged and invited to attend public meetings, and everyone is urged to vote not as a duty but as a privilege" (Vidich: 229). In modern societies government is done indirectly and people have little participation in decision making. In addition, state intervenes in most aspects of human activity (Macionis: 437).
Moreover, traditional societies had limited technology, both in the production of food and in medicine, which caused shortages in the food supply and kept medicine incapable in dealing with most diseases. As a result, death rate was extremely high at that time. Industrialization eliminated both phenomena. By mass

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