Maternal Morbidity Case Study

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Maternal morbidity includes physical and psychological conditions that affect a woman’s health during pregnancy. Severe complications of pregnancy affect more than 65,000 women in the United States every year (CDC, May 2016). Comparing to the past the number of sever cases is increasing. Some factors that may contribute to the growth are; increase in maternal age, pre-existing chronic medical conditions, and cesarean delivery. In the periods between 2008-2009 an estimated 129 out of 10,000 pregnant mothers went to the hospital with a chronic medical condition. In the periods of 2010-2011 there were 162 out of 10,000 pregnant mothers with chronic medical problems in the hospital. That is a 26% increase in the two periods (Obstet Gynecol, 2012). …show more content…
The reason for the increase of deaths in the United States is unclear, but a pregnancy with chronic complications puts them at risk than other people, but the risk of dying from a medical problem is low. The higher deaths occurred during the periods of 2009-2011 due to influenza A pdm09 (H1N1) pandemic (Callaghan, 2015) and due to infections and sepsis deaths of other causes. This puts the United States on the global rank as number 33rd out of 179 countries of death related to childbirth. The cause of this is unknown, but it is believed that it is the lack of medical care between the poverty and wealth difference in this country. Race also plays an important role. US is a developed country compared to others on the list, another reason for the high mortality rate is the medical interventions used to diagnose pregnancy related problems. Most people have births in hospitals and record keeping has improved being able to provide the amount of death ratio. Maternal deaths from hypertension and embolism are higher; more C-sections are being performed than before increasing the risk of embolism and blood …show more content…
Morbidity can be measured as having the presence of a diagnosed condition like hyperbilirubinemia, respiratory distress and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and the length of time stayed in the hospital (Child Health USA, 2013). Infant mortality rate is the deaths within their first year of life. The U.S has a decrease in the mortality rate, but the group of people with the highest amount is still the African American compared to other ethnicity. The U.S. current infant mortality rate is 6 out of every 1,000 live births and has been improving but it is a slow improvement compared to other countries. The U.S also has more neonatal deaths compared to other counties. Some countries also have varying definitions of ‘fetal deaths.’ In the US federal guidelines recommend reporting fetal death in instances when birth gestation is longer than 20 weeks. Japan registers all live births, regardless of gestation period (Peterson,

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