1.0 BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Over the past several decades, the problem of human trafficking has received increased public attention.
In 2014, Botswana passed the Anti- Human Trafficking Act (The Act), an attempt to provide a transnational framework to solve the global problem of human trafficking.
Before the passing of the Act, Botswana continually discussed implementation of an Act regulating human trafficking.
Botswana is land-locked by its neighbouring countries Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Lesotho, located in the heart of South Africa. Given its geological location, and proximity to neighbouring countries, Botswana has been used as a main trafficking route and hub for traffickers.
Human trafficking has taken root …show more content…
At international level, Botswana became active in the multilateral negotiation and adoption, in 2000, of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime, and its supplementing protocol on human trafficking, the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children.
Given the prevalence of various types of human trafficking coupled with a lack of specific criminalization of human trafficking, it became clear that a legislation was needed to promote the identification of and assistance to victims, and to support the investigation and prosecution of human trafficking perpetrators.
1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The human trafficking epidemic is relatively new, but has reached a crescendo in Southern Africa. Human trafficking has become an international problem that is an affront to the basic human rights of individuals …show more content…
In August 2014, Botswana responded to the international demand by passing the Anti- Human trafficking Act (The Act) to promote the identification of and assistance to victims, and to support the investigation and prosecution of human trafficking perpetrators. InBotswana, trafficking of persons occurs domestically as well as internationally.
Human trafficking has a devastating impact on individual victims, who often suffer physical and emotional abuse, rape, threats against self and family, document theft, and even death. But the impact of human trafficking goes beyond individual victims; it undermines the health, safety and security of all nations.
It therefore becomes of paramount importance to examine, interrogate and evaluate the Act, to determine the extent to which it complies with the international minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.
1.2 JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY
Human trafficking is a global problem, affecting every region in the world. Hence human trafficking has provoked extensive