Depression In Adolescence

Better Essays
Depression in Adolescence Unipolar depressive disorder in children and adolescents is a problem across the world that has become very common, but is often not recognized correctly (Thapar, Collishaw, Pine, & Thapar, 2012). Depression in adolescents is associated with a substantial risk of suicide, is the second leading cause of death in this age group and at least half of those who attempted suicide have described symptoms associated with depressive disorders at the time of death (Hawthorn, 2009). Depression in adolescents also leads to multiple other problems throughout the lifespan of teenagers, which includes an increase in the rate of smoking, substance abuse and misuse as well as issues with obesity and weight control (Lewinsohn & Seely, …show more content…
There has been extensive research for a connection between environmental factors such as severe stress, long term adversity, bullying by other classmates and peers, financial depravity and illness and depression. These types of stressful life events are linked to the initial onset of adolescent depression (2012). Girls and individuals who suffer from more exposure to negative events in life show a greater risk. Family relationships at home that are negative, persecution through peer bullying, and abusive treatment are all common risk factors for adolescent depression (Saluja et al., 2004).
Depressive symptoms are also likely to coexist with behavioral problems in adolescents such as bullying and drug abuse. Adolescents who are involved in these types of behaviors might also have an existence of depressive disorders. Individuals who experience somatic symptoms such as headaches or physical symptoms are also more likely to suffer from depression as these factors often exist together
…show more content…
Studies show that African Americans and Latinos have lower treatment rates for depression than Caucasians with controls present in studies for various factors; depression and treatment rates are “underestimated” and treatment programs are “inadequate” for minority populations (Kim, 2014, p. 2). Some of these disparities may occur due to minority populations not using available mental health services, the “[perceived] stigma related to treatment of mental health problems,” and/or a history of mistrust of medical professionals (Saulsberry et al., 2013, p. 151). Factors that protect adolescents from experiencing depression related symptoms include parent involvement, strong, positive peer relationships, and academic achievement (Kim, 2014). When these factors may not be present for minority adolescents, prevention strategies can be effective (Saulsberry et al., 2013). Cultural competency can no longer be ignored. Many of these disparities are because of providers’ or educators’ beliefs or attitudes towards the adolescent’s ethnicity (Kim, 2014, Respress, Morris, Gary, Lewin, & Francis, 2013). A multicultural approach imbedded in treatment programs produces better

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Maria Paz Pardo Niño Ms. Cimpello HSB 4U June 8, 2015 Depressed generation Depression is a mental disorder that can affect the way an individual behaves as well as how he feels about himself. It is a condition that affects thousands of people in the world without any preference (women, men, children...), causing “emotional disbalances” and interfering with their daily life (Vidal, 2012). Nowadays, clinical diagnosis of depression has increased in the population in a significant way, especially in children and teenagers. Those who suffer from it display extreme variations in behavior such as persistent sadness and loss of self-esteem can take place. Depression in youth is a reality today.…

    • 1547 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The world is constantly changing and resolving issues around the world, but some problems remained the same over the years. An issue that the U.S. is facing is the increased rate of adolescent suicide over the last decade. People believe that suicide occurs through bullying, depression, and feeling immensely overwhelmed and suicide is the only escape out of it. Researcher David Miller associates the rate of suicide among adolescents occurs by two prominent reasons that are mental illness and past suicidal behavior. Being at a certain demographic of age, sex, and sexual orientation also affects the likelihood of suicide.…

    • 1986 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Depression: A Cognitive-Behavioral Perspective Aetiology of depression is multifactorial, with risk factors including low levels of parental warmth, high levels of family hostility, abuse and poverty (Gledhill & Hodes, 2010). Environment, cognitive and behavior are significant factors that cause the onset and duration of depression (Carvalho, Trent, & Hopko, 2011). Depression can affect all aspects of life, and may even lead to more serious problems including suicide. Although there is still a lot to learn about depression, researchers have conducted hours of research to provide evidence to support the relationship between stressful life events, traumatic life experiences, childhood maltreatment, cognitive vulnerability and depression (Carvalho,…

    • 816 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Depression And Suicide

    • 1044 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Depression is an important issue to study in adolescents because of its increasing prevalence. 12.5% of adolescents aged 12-17 have suffer from depression; 19.5% of women and 5.8% of men (National Institute of Mental Health). This is a significant percentage of the population and is especially important to study because depression is frequently linked to suicide in adolescents. Risk taking is also widely seen in the behavior of adolescents (Jessor, 1991). This risky behavior can be defined in a number of different ways, but two subtopics that are especially relevant to adolescents are substance use and risky sexual behavior.…

    • 1044 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Extreme Trauma Theory

    • 815 Words
    • 4 Pages

    In this experiment physical and sexual abuse were the two types of trauma that were looked at closely. People with history of these types of abuse can lead to having a severe mental illness (SMI), which includes schizophrenia spectrum, major mood disorders, and post traumatic stress disorder. For this study clients reported their abuse and the results were 44.7% had childhood sexual assault and 18.3 had physical assault (Muesser et al., 1998). With these samples many reported that these assaults happened more than once in their lifetime. People with SMI who have reported these symptoms are more likely diagnosed with substance abuse, suicide attempts and other high risk behaviors (Lu et al., 2008).…

    • 815 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Depression In Young Women

    • 1514 Words
    • 7 Pages

    No matter who you are, most of us have experienced sadness. Sometimes even more and longer than others. For most people it’s temporary, but for some people it’s permanent, and it is also known as depression. Depression is an important issue to cover because they can affect a person’s personal life, school life, work life, social life, and family life. Depression is the leading most common disease among people especially adolescent girls.…

    • 1514 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    About 15 percent of every child and teenager show symptoms of depression (Healthline), which is insane to think about. Depression is also the mental disorder that is associated the most with suicide, a quickly rising issue of this generation. At any given second, approximately 5 percent of kids and teens suffer from depression (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry). Adolescent depression is a much larger problem than what most people believe. It directly affects many people throughout the United States, and likely indirectly affects every person in the United States, because it is extremely likely that every person knows at least one person that suffers from depression.…

    • 1058 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Essay On Juvenile Suicide

    • 2824 Words
    • 12 Pages

    They can cause depression, trust issues, and anxiety, which can be debilitating for day-to-day living. Traumatic events include sexual or physical abuse. These types of abuse, combined with another factor, like parental divorce or the death of a parent, significantly increases suicidal behavior (Salzinger et al. 2007.) In addition, sexual orientation and the correlated opinions, affects suicidal thoughts.…

    • 2824 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Essay On Dating Violence

    • 1513 Words
    • 7 Pages

    In a study conducted on high school students, “increasing levels of dating violence … were related to higher level of post-traumatic stress and dissociation” for females (Callahan, Tolman, & Saunders, 2003). In males, dating violence lead to “higher levels of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress” (Callahan, Tolman, & Saunders, 2003). Overall, both genders experience “lower levels of life satisfaction” due to the depression that often follows the victim after ending the abusive relationship (Callahan, Tolman, & Saunders, 2003). Suicidal thoughts are also a possible occurrence from dating violence. About 50% of youth who have been victims of dating violence have contemplated suicide at least once (Ackard & Neumark-Sztainer, 2002).…

    • 1513 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Depression In Children

    • 1637 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Most of us think of depression as a mental health issue that teens and adults struggle with. That is not the case. Children as young as kindergarten have been diagnosed with depression disorders. In addition, a person whose childhood is interrupted by depression is more likely to experience depression as adults, struggle with drug or alcohol addiction and develop additional mental health concerns. “Depression that is left untreated in childhood and adolescence results in significant suffering to these individuals as adults.…

    • 1637 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays