Economic Integration And Economic Globalization

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The development of communication and new technologies, and the use of Internet have made huge economic and political transformations. People, banks and industries use the cyberspace to trade their capitals among national and regional economies. Moreover, economic integration and economic globalization have shrunk economic connections across the globe. Goods and Services can be easily trade among nations because there are several facilities of transportation, control, and payment. The increase flows of capital mediated by digital technology have stimulated several transactions. However, the uncontrollable use of capital flows has also triggered economic issues like economic crises, deficits in the balance of payments, capital outflows, and inconveniences with the exchange rate. Although capital flows could be considered risky, it is important to consider the evolution of international economy and the interaction of its economic actors to determine if capital flows trigger benefits.
According with Steger, the contemporary economic globalization started with the emergence of Bretton Woods. The United States and Grain Britain resolved to create a more stable money exchange system in which the value of each country’s currency was attached to a fixed gold value of the US dollar (p.38). This institution also set the institutional foundation for the three new
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These institutions not only have the possibility to move capital around the world, they have the capacity to deregulate global labour market. According with Steger, these institutions have the ability to disperse manufacturing processes into many discrete phases carried out in many different locations around the world reflects the changing nature of global production (p.54) TNCs have became important players that influence the economic, political, and social welfare of many

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